Latest release: v0.4

Apitte Negotiation

Content negotiation for Apitte.

Transform response entity into response with unified format in dependence on Accept header and uri path suffix /api/v1/users(.json|.xml)

Setup

First of all, setup core package and enable CoreDecoratorPlugin.

Install and register negotiation plugin

composer require apitte/negotiation
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api:
    plugins: 
        Apitte\Negotiation\DI\NegotiationPlugin:
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Response

Instead of response return entity from endpoint so transformers could handle transformation for you.

namespace App\Api\V1\Controllers;

use Apitte\Core\Annotation\Controller\ControllerPath;
use Apitte\Core\Annotation\Controller\Method;
use Apitte\Core\Annotation\Controller\Path;
use Apitte\Core\Http\ApiRequest;
use Apitte\Core\Http\ApiResponse;
use Apitte\Negotiation\Http\ArrayEntity;

/**
 * @ControllerPath("/users")
 */
class UsersController extends BaseV1Controller
{

    /**
     * @Path("/")
     * @Method("GET")
     */
    public function index(ApiRequest $request, ApiResponse $response): ArrayEntity
    {
        $data = [
            [
                'id' => 1,
                'firstName' => 'John',
                'lastName' => 'Doe',
                'emailAddress' => 'john@doe.com',
            ],
            [
                'id' => 2,
                'firstName' => 'Elon',
                'lastName' => 'Musk',
                'emailAddress' => 'elon.musk@spacex.com',
            ],
        ];

        return ArrayEntity::from($data);
    }

}
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Entities

Value objects which are used to create response

  • ArrayEntity - create from array
  • ObjectEntity - create from stdClass
  • ScalarEntity - create from raw data

Error handling

Negotiations are implemented through an IErrorDecorator, which have higher priority than internal ErrorHandler so response is created from exception in an ITransformer and ErrorHandler only log that exception (if you use PsrLogErrorHandler)

Negotiators

Handle request and based on path suffix or request headers call appropriate transformer.

SuffixNegotiator

  • used for request with path suffix like /api/v1/users.json -> transformer for json suffix is used

DefaultNegotiator

  • called when none other transform
  • require annotation @Negotiation(default = true, suffix = "json") defined on endpoint - transformer for given suffix is looked for

FallbackNegotiator

  • used last if no other negotiator transformed response
  • uses json transformer by default

Transformers

Transformers convert entities and exceptions into response.

JsonTransformer

  • transform into json

JsonUnifyTransformer

  • transform into json with unified format
api:
    plugins: 
        Apitte\Negotiation\DI\NegotiationPlugin:
            unification: true
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CsvTransformer

  • transform into csv
  • known limitation: data need to be a flat structure

Implementing transformer

services:
    - factory: App\Api\Transformer\XmlTransformer
      tags: [apitte.negotiator.transformer: [suffix: xml, fallback: true]]
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  • register transformer for suffix xml, used for uris like /api/v1/users.xml
  • if fallback: true is defined and none of transformers matched then use that transformer
namespace App\Api\Transformer;

use Apitte\Core\Exception\ApiException;
use Apitte\Core\Http\ApiRequest;
use Apitte\Core\Http\ApiResponse;
use Apitte\Core\Http\ResponseAttributes;
use Apitte\Negotiation\Http\ArrayEntity;
use Apitte\Negotiation\Transformer\AbstractTransformer;
use Throwable;

class XmlTransformer extends AbstractTransformer
{

    /**
     * Encode given data for response
     *
     * @param mixed[] $context
     */
    public function transform(ApiRequest $request, ApiResponse $response, array $context = []) : ApiResponse
    {
        if (isset($context['exception'])) {
            return $this->transformError($context['exception'], $request, $response);
        }

        return $this->transformResponse($request, $response);
    }
    
    protected function transformResponse(ApiRequest $request, ApiResponse $response): ApiResponse
    {
        $data = $this->getEntity($response)->getData();
        $content = $this->dataToXmlString($data);
        $response->getBody()->write($content);

        return $response
            ->withHeader('Content-Type', 'application/xml');
    }
    
    protected function transformError(Throwable $error, ApiRequest $request, ApiResponse $response): ApiResponse
    {
    	if ($error instanceof ApiException) {
    		$code = $error->getCode();
    		$message = $error->getMessage();
    	} else {
    		$code = 500;
    		$message = 'Application encountered an internal error. Please try again later.';
    	}

        return $response
            ->withStatus($code)
            ->withAttribute(ResponseAttributes::ATTR_ENTITY, ArrayEntity::from([
                'status' => 'error',
                'message' => $message,
            ]));
    }

}
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